EN 81-20


EN 81-20

EN 81-20 is a European standard that specifies safety rules and technical requirements for the design and construction of passenger and goods passenger lifts. Developed by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), EN 81-20 aims to ensure the safety of elevator systems and promote harmonization of regulations across European countries.

The standard covers various aspects of elevator design, including structural requirements, electrical and mechanical components, safety features, and testing procedures. It provides guidelines for manufacturers, installers, and maintenance personnel to follow during the entire lifecycle of an elevator system.

Some key aspects addressed by EN 81-20 include:

Structural Design: The standard outlines requirements for the structural integrity of elevator components, including the car, counterweight, guide rails, and landing doors. It specifies factors such as load capacities, materials, and design calculations to ensure structural safety and stability.
Safety Features: EN 81-20 defines mandatory safety features that must be incorporated into elevator systems to protect passengers and prevent accidents. These features include emergency stop buttons, overspeed governors, door interlocks, and safety gears, among others.
Accessibility: The standard addresses accessibility requirements for passengers with disabilities, such as wheelchair users. It specifies dimensions, clearances, and features to ensure that elevators are accessible and usable for all passengers, in compliance with relevant accessibility regulations.
Electrical and Mechanical Components: EN 81-20 sets standards for electrical and mechanical components used in elevator systems, including motors, control systems, brakes, and wiring. It establishes performance criteria, testing methods, and installation requirements to ensure reliability and safety.
Testing and Certification: The standard outlines procedures for testing elevator systems to verify compliance with the specified requirements. Manufacturers and installers must conduct various tests, such as load tests, functional tests, and safety inspections, to ensure that elevators meet the necessary safety standards. Certification bodies may issue conformity certificates to confirm compliance with EN 81-20.
Overall, EN 81-20 plays a crucial role in ensuring the safety, reliability, and accessibility of elevator systems in Europe. By adhering to the standards outlined in EN 81-20, manufacturers, installers, and operators can contribute to the safe and efficient operation of elevators, protecting passengers and promoting confidence in vertical transportation systems.